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Metal-induced histidine deprotonation in biocatalysis? Experimental and theoretical insights into superoxide reductase
Citation key Horch2014
Author Horch, Marius and Pinto, Ana Filipa and Mroginski, Maria Andrea and Teixeira, Miguel and Hildebrandt, Peter and Zebger, Ingo
Pages 54091–54095
Year 2014
DOI 10.1039/c4ra11976b
Journal Rsc Advances
Volume 4
Number 96
Abstract Metal-induced histidine deprotonation may have tremendous effects on metalloprotein catalysis. Here, we explore protonation states of all active site histidines in superoxide reductase (SOR), a non-heme iron enzyme catalysing the reduction of superoxide to hydrogen peroxide. Using experimental and theoretical techniques, we show that these amino acids remain in their neutral state under physiological conditions, excluding deprotonation. Based on our findings, alternative explanations for lack of H/D exchange of SOR histidines are discussed, including high barriers for acid/base reactions of coordinated ligands.
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